Cricket is a game played between 2 teams having 11 players each on a field at the center of which is a 20m(22yard) pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising 3 stumps and above them 2 bails. It is played with a bat and a ball. The cricket bat is made from willow wood. The length of the bat may not be more than 38 inches(965mm) and width no more than 4.25 inches(108mm). The weight of the bat is between 1.2 to 1.5kg.
The hard and solid ball is used to play cricket. In cricket ball, a cork is covered by leather. White balls are used in ODI and T20 and test cricket red balls are used. The weight of the ball depends on the gender or age of the player. Men and boys above 13 are using 156 to 163g and women and girls above 13 are using 140 to 151g cricket balls. Children under 13 are using 133 to 143g balls.
The batting side scores runs by striking the ball bowled at the wicket with the bat, while the bowling and fielding side tries to prevent this and dismiss each player means of dismissal include being bowled when the ball hits the stumps and dislodges the nails, and by the fielding side catching the ball after it is hit by the bat. When 10 players of the batting side have been dismissed, the innings ends and team swap roles. If the other team scored more runs then they win the match and the match is over.The game is adjudicated by 2 umpires aided by a third umpire and match referee in international matches.
Different Formats of matches:
There are various formats in cricket, with 3 of them being played at the international level between countries. The 3 formats are namely T20, test, and ODIs which is played over a few hours with each team batting for a single inning of 20 overs, to Test matches, played over five days with unlimited overs and the teams each batting for 2 innings of unlimited length. Traditionally, cricketers play in all-white kits, but in limited-overs cricket, they wear club or team colors. In addition to the basic kit, some players wear protective gear to prevent injury caused by the ball.
A Brief History:
Cricket was found in south-east England in the middle of the 16th century. It spread globally with the expansion of the British Empire, and the first international match was played in the 19th century which started the beginning of this massive game.But nowadays, The game’s governing body is the ICC, which has over 100 members who play Test matches.’ Laws of cricket’ a code that holds the game’s rules which are owned and maintained by the Marylebone Cricket Club, in London.
World tour matches:
It has worldwide broadcasting which is most-watched in The Indian subcontinent, Australia, the UK, southern Africa, and WI. The most successful side is Australia, which has won 5 world cups, more than any other country. Most international matches are played as part of tours when one country travels to another for a no. Of weeks or months, and plays a no. Of matches of various sorts against the host nation. Sometimes a trophy is awarded to the winner of the Test series, the most famous of which is The Ashes.
We’ll talk about The ashes a bit later let’s have a look in the world cup.
Cricket World Cup:
The ICC world cup is an international tournament that is organized every four years in a One day format i.e. 50 overs to each team until the innings are over. The first world cup was organized in 1975 which included the participation of multiple worldwide teams.Australian team, holding the most won titles for 5 times and Sachin Tendulkar holds the record of highest runs of 2,278 which is still unbreakable.
It is one of the most-watched and series nowadays, played between Australia and England. Ashes traditionally a five-test series organized by England. However, the administrator is ICC which organizes it once in two years.This series was started in 1882-83 including the participation of only two teams. The total number of series till now is 71 Australia is holding the most wins, 33 series wherever 32 wins by England with 6 series end to draw.
Let us have a look in India’s most-watched cricket Leauge
IPL (Indian Premier League)
A league that is organized every year in a T-20 format in India from April to May. Player’s from every country except Pakistan participates in this Premier League. Owners buy teams and players for the matches, overall 8 professional team participates representing different cities of India.The IPL is a most-attended cricket league in the world, Organised by BCCI started from 2008 with a format of Double round-robin league and playoffs. Virat Kohli is holding the record of most runs in this league,5412 and Mumbai Indians having 4 wins is at the peak of winning.